The strategy of Moroccan government for the agricultural sector, called "Green Morocco Plan" aims at promoting agriculture and rural development. This strategy will face the challenge of climate change, since crop productivity and availability of irrigation water are expected to decline, due to increasing temperature and decreasing precipitations..

According to the future projections in Morocco, we reasonably expect an increasing in temperatures and reducing of rainfall and increasing in variability. Indeed, the average temperature could rise from 1.1 to 1.6 ° C in 2030, from 2.3 to 2.9 ° C in 2050, and 3.2 to 4.1 ° C in 2080. At the level of the country, rainfall could fall by 14% in 2030, from 13 to 30% in 2050 and 21 to 36% in 2080.